Intellectual Property: A Quick Look

Intellectual Property (IP), as per World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; symbols, names and images used in commerce. Every intellectual aspect of a product, whether it’s a logo, a design or even the shape of a product, is protected by law. The rights of the owners to the corresponding IPs are known as Intellectual Property Rights.

In this article, let’s get to know three of the major IP Rights involved in a product/service/brand creation. 

  •      TRADEMARK

Trademark is any symbol, logo, or words that are legally registered or established by use as representing a company/brand or a product. From the golden arch of McDonald’s to the “swoosh sign” of Nike, these trademarks are what make those brands unique from the rest, and are protected by law. Any other company that uses them for their products is considered in violation of law.

With effective trademark research and study, trademark infringement can be avoided to a large extent. Today, there are softwares and apps too that make this task easier for the manufacturers. Whoever, intentionally or unintentionally violates a trademark law is faced with legal penalties, as similar trademarks may confuse or mislead consumers

  •      COPYRIGHT

Copyright, as the name suggests, is the right to copy. It gives the exclusive legal right to the owner of Intellectual Property to reproduce the work for distribution/sale. This includes musical scores, photographs, ideas, or any original work created as a part of the product’s identity.

Though most of the copyrighted ideas and other materials are available to the public through several media, using or reproducing them for another product without the consent of the owner is a punishable offence. For example, a news agency’s photos are copyrighted, and not to be considered as a free source image.

  •       PATENT

Patent is the word that refers to the right to an invention for a specific period. From the shape of a shoe to the design of a pen, patents are not to be used by other manufacturers.

Patents are generally granted on a ‘first come, first serve’ basis. Wherein, the first one to apply is granted the right. For instance, even if the specific bottle design of a company is used by another brand, the original manufactures of the design cannot claim it, unless the design is patented by them first.

A classic example of patent is the paper bags that are used by Apple. These iBags are made of white bleached sulphate paper from over 60% recycled material.

However, it is the sole responsibility of the patent holder to find, locate and sue the patent violators.

 

At Ease with JMIFX

At JMIFX Solutions, with our expert lawyers who are in constant dialogue with the relevant authorities can assist you in launching and protecting your product, ensuring its immunity from violation of any law. Also assuring your timely registration process to give you the rights to your intellectual properties of your brand/product. You take it easy, while JMIFX takes care of your IP.